Teoalida old website 2009-2012

Teoalida's old website 2009-2012

Apartment Design

This website was abandoned in 2012

I started architect training by designing a virtual city with high-quality apartments, imagining being president of a country or manager of a housing corporation, to offer quality housing for at least half of population... like a public housing. Apartments are designed with mind to high-density, average 100 square meters apartment size and 30 sq m per person (virtual city - because I am not a developer, to build them).
... and now I offer design services for anyone in the world!
Prices lower than normal market prices! Refer me to other people and get back 20% of their payment!
Contact me if you want to download vectorial floor plans, AutoCAD .dwg .pdf or whatever format you want!


One of my new-era corridor-style apartment design and probably one of the best so far. Class B (?) project with 4-room and 5-room apartment plans, all with centrally-placed living room to maximize the space and an entry hall not seen in my previous projects, and neoclassic design. It can have different versions, U-shaped, etc.

Sharpback Small

Class C project inspired by the most common apartment blocks built in Singapore between 1975 and 1990: New Generation with 3-Room (67 / 82 sqm) and 4-Room on endings (92 sqm). Model A with 3-Room (75 sqm) and 4-Room on endings (105 sqm). These are gross areas (includes wall areas), not net areas (usable areas), for comparison, my gross areas are 76 / 90 / 104 sqm.
I improved it by inverting kitchen with master bedroom and re-proportioned it in a non-equal livingroom and bedrooms widths, to form a livingroom - master bedroom ratio of 3:2 and a smaller kitchen, rather than Singapore equally-sized livingroom and kitchen.
The great 14-meter block width and narrow apartment plan means a high land usage efficiency, the block length is variable, and the proportions obtained from 7/8-metre apartments with 3/4-metre rooms creates a beautiful facade, BUT... what do you think about the floorplan?

Comparison of different layouts

Why are my 3D designs so similar in my early works? Because I asked friends which is the BEST (and the worst) apartment and to avoid stupid choices like "I want to live in this block because is red", I rendered all blocks in similar color schemes, but people still choose the tallest block / biggest apartment.
In late 2010 I decided to make compilations of similar-sized apartments from my different projects and use them for asking friends to make a choice from floorplans, without being influenced by 3D design, so today I make a diversity of facade designs. Which is the best apartment plan in each of these 3 photos?

2011 compilation (published 20 january 2012), now with dimensions!

2010 compilation (published 1 december 2010), for deletion

I should drop the Class A designation? I did not designed any new Class A apartment since long time ago and in 2011 I designed numerous smaller but better Class C apartments, for example 90-100 sqm for 4-room. The 4-room apartments around 95 square meters are not new, I designed such sizes since 2009.
Note that all these sizes are net floor area (not including walls and balconies), I think that I should specify gross floor area too, but I do not know if I should measure from external wall axe or facade, this is even more complicated as the external wall tickness vary due of decorations.

The conception stage is a hard job and is finalized with the draw of AutoCAD floor plan. The 3D stage is an easy job and I do it only when the floor plan is fully optimized. I do not draw every block in 3D, because I do not like to waste my brain doing too easy jobs! I take more care about technical part rather than artistic part, so the 3D models may contain some errors, usually inside so not visible. Some textures may appear wrong because of AutoCAD perspective bug.

European Apartments

Despite that I live in former Eastern Bloc I have little knowledge about Europe, except for my own country.
Specific rules of apartments in Europe: unlike Asia and America, there are many hallways, typical you enter in a hallway rather than in living room. In some apartments, usually smaller ones, you pass through livngroom to get in bedrooms. Day and night areas are well separated. Window for bathroom is not mandatory. En-suite bathrooms are uncommon in Europe, usually 3-room apartments have one full bathroom and a WC, 4-room apartments have one bathroom and one WC with shower, but there is no exact rule. The bathroom is always placed in night area, while the WC is usually in day area. Most important rooms are facing south, stairwell can be on both south and north facades, due of this I have no idea how to make all apartments with entrance in day area... is impossible! If you are from Western Europe or have knowledge, please give me some info!
This is inspired mostly from North Europe (Sweden, Norway, Finland), Germany boost a ratio of 42 sqm per person and only 2.2 persons per dwelling unit. Hovewer apartments are smaller, having 2 to 4 rooms, I have no info about average apartment size, many families own both houses and apartments. I heard that 5-room apartments exists, but I never saw them.

In 2009 I was criticized by a British architect, saying that my "ideal city" looks outdated like 1960s social housing. Well, now I really wanted to design something in style of 1960s-1980s European public housing, both capitalist and stalinist-communist. Planning started in 2010 with lack of knowledge. 3D design done, published in March 2012 together with European Landed Houses that have up to 6 bedrooms.

The apartment complex shown in 3D design contains low-rise blocks with 40 apartments and high-rise blocks again with 40 apartments, in 12056 sqm of land there are 2 low-rise and 1 high-rise block, containing 24 2-room, 64 3-room, 32 4-room. Average apartment size 80 sqm. 179 apartments per hectare.


This is my most complex project so far (formerly called Freedom Generation). Is inspired from today housing projects built in various asian cities. A variety of apartment plans of different classes, from 1-bedroom to 4-bedroom apartments, 50 sq m / 550 sq ft to 130 sq m / 1400 sq ft or over, are joined in pairs on wings, linked with the stairwell core by corridors. The freedom of shape variations is nearly unlimited. Some kitchens are facing inside.

U-shaped 472

After designing numerous individual blocks, I planned to design a condo-like project. I choose a U-shape composed by 7 blocks each with 3 wings of 2 apartments, that apparently makes entire complex to look like a single building, and a multi-storey carpark in the middle.
I saw it ugly, having a single building and too monotonous facade on other side, so I never finished it, I never wasted time trying to connect carpark to blocks. I rather decided to abandon it be And to start over a better, second condo project: Freestyle Linear 1024!

Linear 1024

This project is not only a masterpiece in Computer Aided Design, but also a fully functional condominium featuring one of the best layout possible!
After designing the Freestyle U-Shaped 472 condo having apparently a single ugly block and varying roof line, I planned to design a modern condo with exactly 1024 apartments, and uniform design dominated by long linear blocks with facades with continous horizontal lines. Full-height windows were a later idea.
The development is composed by six 100-meter long blocks and four 60-meter long blocks provide a mix of 384/320/320 units of 3/4/5-room apartments, and proportional sizes (73 / 96 / 122 sqm floor areas). The 5-room units gets the best views, but some 3-room and 4-room also get direct pool view!
Distance between blocks: 30 meters between main facades, 20 meters between side facades, and 60 meters across pool.
Land size: 6.45 hectares (288 by 224 meters). Density: 158.7 dwelling units per hectare.
All blocks are oriented in same direction (east-west), typical in equatorial countries like Singapore and Malaysia to minimize sun inside apartments, while the oversized olympic pool is oriented north-south to get sunshine all day long between blocks. There are 4 spaces between blocks, usable for more pools, tennis courts oriented north-south (as they should be), barbeque pit and other facilities. Clubhouse rooftop is used as basketball court.
The single-storey basement carpark spreading over entire area of apartment complex provide space for parking about 1040 cars and a large amount of greenery.
Drop-off porch and covered walkways are not necessary, you can drive through carpark and stop at just 16 meters from each lift.

For all curious guys who ask how much time took me to do this big project, I can say that designing spread over one year, I cannot estimate actual time of working, because I let it waiting until new ideas came in my mind.
Due of numerous customers and paid projects in 2012, I had to delay such artistic projects.
The drawing is still not finished, but decided to publish it because I don't have TIME to finish, and anyway it looks complete. I may post later more plans and 3D photos.
Next things to do may be recolouring each block in own colour, redesign the clubhouse, add children playgrounds (although they will overload drawing for no reason, AutoCAD is already crashing due of drawing size), feel free to give new ideas!

I already made plans and began a third condo, composed by 8 or 10 zig-zag shaped blocks arranged in 4 lines, varying height from 8 to 16 floors, probably 708 apartments... but, because since 2012 I concentrate time on PAID work, I am doubt if I will ever have time to finish it.

Linear Large

Linear Large (formerly called New Generation) is the pair and opposite of Linear Small (formerly called Old Generation), all livingrooms and (almost) all bedrooms are facing opposite common corridor. 8 standard types of apartments ranging from 84 to 133 sqm, plus other custom types for non 90 joints, placed along a common corridor, can form various shapes. The 104 sqm 4-Room Middle is "base", most common apartment, made me to classify as Class B block, even if the 3-Room Angled apartment is bigger, due of big livingroom caused by block regulated layout and flat facades.
Shape examples: 61 by 48 meters L-shape with 8 units per floor, 4- and 5-Room; 88 by 48 meters S-shape with 16 units per floor, 4- and 5-Room; 64-meter diameter Octagon with 16 units per floor, only 3-Room, or other more complicated shapes.

Low-Cost & High-Density Housing

This is the apartment version from the same family with the High-Density landed housing. Inspired from Mexico and designed based on 3-meter grid. I improved them by enlarging room sizes and placing a lot of green space. Block size: 4218 meters. I propose 2 versions: 6032 meters, with side parking and 14 m between block facades, and 4840 meters with front parking, 22 meters between front facades. Both will have same density, 166.67 apartments / hectare.

Split-level block, one of most common block types in Brazil. I slightly enlarged the apartments to 50 sqm and 64 sqm and placed the blocks in Zig-Zag pattern to provide privacy and comfort rather than bedrooms facing on airwells, yet maintaining high density. The 16-apartments blocks have 17 meters width and 40 meters between street axes, resulting a density up to 235.30 apartments per hectare.

Other block types inspired from same Brazil, with 46, 60 and 80 sqm.

Sick of apartment sizes?
Real Mexico apartments have only 3-Room apartments (50 sqm) and the bedrooms are small as 33 meters, while in Brazil there is some variations in apartment sizes but bedrooms are standard as 2.53.25 meters. in both countries the blocks can be close as 4 meters between facades and can have no green space.

Squares Tower

Tower block inspired from the point blocks built in Singapore between 1970 and 1985, which are 2626 metres and have 117-125 sqm 5-Room flats (living room, dining-family room, plus three bedrooms).
My version was enlarged to 2828 metres and was based on a 4-metre grid, then one room was splitted to form dining and study rooms. This creates a more versatile layout, the study room can become walk-in-wardrobe for master bedroom, or can be enlarged to a full bedroom if the other bedroom is merged with the dining to create a big 86 metres piano concert room. Despite that apartments are smaller than some Class B apartments, I classify it as Class A due of having toooo good and spacious layout, I am right?

Sharpback Large

Class C project inspired by the blocks built Singapore between 1985 and 2000, but due of combination of different floorplans, like this, this and this and many modifications, it is barely similar with any Singapore block. Can be built in many shapes, I, U, L, also the corners of Sharpback Large can be combined with the middle of Sharpback Small. BUT... what do you think about the floorplan?


Segmented Mixed

Class A project with only 2 apartments per floor, it have one of the highest land usage efficiency due of great width. Was inspired by the 5-Room Improved blocks built in Singapore between 1975 and 1985, with have living + dining + 3 bedrooms, around 120 sqm, very similar dimensions with my 4-Room apartment which have 11.5 metres by 16 metres. I improved it by pushing master bathroom to inside, formed a bigger L-shaped master bedroom, added balconies to kitchens, and other small dimension changes which slightly enlarged the apartment. Then I derived the 5-Room End and 4-Room Angled. The 3D model shows the version with 6 of 4-Room and 2 of 5-Room at endings, 96 metres length.

New Segmented

New layout inspired from... hmm, can't decide! Staircase-style block are very common in South Korea, but with a different layout, longer and thinner. Some day I will make 3D design too.

Trapeze Tower

One of my oldest apartment designs which survived deletions.
Class A project mainly based on 4-meter grid. Two 24 meters wings at 14 meters from center with 3-Room apartment and one 28 meters wing at 20 meters from center with 4-Room apartment. The floorplan is my idea, no inspiration from any existing block.

Linear Maisonette

Linear Maisonette (Formerly named Maisonette Generation) is a Class B project, 14-meter width block with flat facades. Floor plan shows version with 8 units per floor, 60 meters length, the 3D model shows version with 12 units per floor, 88 meters length, at 28 meters apart. 140 sqm apartments of 7 meters width, 4 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, walk-in wardrobe for master bedroom. Maisonette (sometimes misspelled Mansionette) is almost a worldwide term which means two-storey apartments.

Rectangle Small Tower

Class A project mainly based on 4-meter grid. 4-Room apartments (livingroom, 2 bedrooms, and a smaller studyroom) and 5-Room duplex penthouses at the top. The floorplan is my idea, no inspiration from any existing block. Could have 2 versions: 32 by 20 meters (shown in floorplan) and 28 by 24 meters, the single difference is position of core with staircase and lifts, the size of apartments or core is the same. The 3D models shows both versions.

Triangle Tower

Probably one of my most beautiful early projects, with 4-Room apartments and 5-Room duplex penthouses, classified as Class B due of size of smaller bedrooms. The wide floorplan and enormous staircase core with space for 4 lifts allows high-rise up to 32 storeys. It eliminates my previous project Hexagon Tower. There are a lot of triangular towers around the world that are more or less similar with my one, including this one.

Linear Small

Linear Small (formerly called Old Generation) is the cheaper pair of Linear Large, livingroom is facing to common corridor, which leads to a Class C project.
Short version, 64 meters length, 8 units per floor of 2-, 3- and 4-room. Long version, 76 meters length, 8 units per floor of 3- and 4-room. And of course, other versions. The floor plan and 3D model shows half of short version and half of long version.

Square Towers

Class B projects, not inspired from any existing block in the world.
Small version, 26 by 24 meters, 100 sqm 4-room apartments, concurrent for Rectangle Small Tower.
Large version, 28 by 28 meters, 135 sqm 5-room apartments and potential for 200+ sqm 6/7-room penthouse, concurrent for Squares Tower (there is a name conflict here!).
Are they better than Rectangle Small and Squares Tower, or not?

Zig-Zag / Linear-H

Simple and most common block plan found on all continents. Originally a Class A project with 84 sqm 3-Room apartments same used in Trapeze Tower, was redesigned as a Class C block with 70 sqm 3-Room and 93 sqm 4-Room apartments.

Triangular blocks

Two triangle shaped buildings based on a 4 meters grid made in early 2009 and classified as Class A, 10 meters width, all livingrooms and bedrooms are facing to outer facade and all kitchens are facing to inner courtyard.
Small version with 9 units per floor, 44 meters facades @ 18 meters from centre, 3D design not adapted to the new rules yet.
Large version with 12 units per floor, 48 meters facades @ 22 meters from centre and 8 meters facades @ 30 meters from centre.
The small version have advantage of bigger apartments and disadvantage of centrally-placed livingroom, but this disadvantage made possible to design a regulated symmetrical block with odd number of apartments per floor!

Linear Studios

Class B project similar with Singapore all-Studio blocks built after 2000, which have 35/45 sqm 2-Room Studio apartment, but for my project I added 3-Room apartments for corners, then the floorplan have some inspiration from Japan, with open kitchen. Can be designed in many shapes, I chosen a U-shape with 12 units per floor. 3D design SOON!

Sharpback Segmented

Combination between Sharpback Small and Sharpback Large apartments in Segmented style block. Sharpback is a nickname invented by me for the Sinapore blocks having slits on the back facade for kitchens or bedrooms.

Hong Kong Series I

Hong Kong architects are masters in space optimizing and crowding people. So I spent 3 months studying it (january-march 2011), to create my own 6 projects inspired from it, but finally I realized 8 projects.
Who the fuck needs a 100 sqm apartment? Now I prove that with a good design, a family of 4 can live comfortable in a 60 sqm apartment.
With this occasion, I also fully designed the structural elements and I added dimensions on floorplan (highly requested).

The Harmomy, inspired from the public housing blocks with same name, with 16 units per floor, mixed 2-room to 4-room, designed to be the cheapest of all projects, so is similar in size with the real block, But was improved with curved facades and a very nice color scheme.

The Concord, barely similar with the public housing blocks with same name, because I mixed it with ideas from Flexi blocks, thus I eliminated the windows facing each other in 90-degree angle (unless you arrange them in L-shape, like in 3D photo), more than that, I also added balconies and bay windows with dark glass to make it looking like private housing. Apartments are 10% larger than real block.

Another 2 projects inspired from public housing, with 8 and 10 apartments per floor, these have exaggerated apartment sizes 10-25% larger than original ones. I am not planning any 3D design for them... yet.

The next 4 projects are inspired from most common private housing design, with 8 units per floor. The Elegance is similar for example with Sunshine City& and Yee Fung Garden. The Grandeur allows various combinations of its 5 apartment types. 40, 50, 60, 70 sqm... I am working at 3D designs.

Sick of the apartment sizes?
You did not saw yet The Miminalist... my attempt to create the smallest possible apartments, this one is the truly similar with Hong Kong sizes which sucks. OK... hope nobody will built such 30 sqm things...

Thinking that you saw the smallest possible apartments?
You are wrong, check the dedicated page for Hong Kong real apartments, especially the Garden Rivera where 3-room apartments are only 23 sqm, including walls (it inspired my The Minimalist). How people are living in such things? Look at interior photos and imagine yourself.

Hong Kong Series II

I halted designing of all Hong Kong-inspired projects until I will take a decision to design them more for fun/beautifulness or more authentic. I realized that apartment plans are too big and not properly optimized.
Now, I decided to redesign some of them, now fully based on metric system, to match Hong Kong laws, distances and gross floor area are measured from wall face rather than wall axe, full thickness of external walls and stairwell core walls are included in apartment gross area, as well as half thickness of walls shared with other apartments. Bedroom sizes are 22.5 m rather than 2.3752.625 m as they were in first series, wall width 10 cm rather than 12.5 cm, etc. I specified both gross (saleable) area and net area, to show you how much space is wasted in walls. However I am not sure how authentic is the wall thickness.

Hong Kong International-Sized

I redesigned 3 blocks from Hong Kong Series, the layout is inspired from Hong Kong blocks but the apartment sizes are doubled, to match my Class C rules (international size regulations, bedrooms minimum 34 meters, etc), making them to be similar in size with Singapore apartments and most of world. 3D design for The Square is UND3R C0NSTRUCTION.

Please vote & leave comments

I made a new poll to allow multiple selections. If you are curious, see results of the Old Poll.